Peter Wapperom and Mike F. Webster

Simulation for Viscoelastic Flow by a Finite Volume/Element Method

Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 180 (1999) 281-304


Stability of a second-order finite element/finite volume hybrid scheme is investigated on the basis of flows with increasing Weissenberg number. Finite elements are used to discretise the balances of mass and momentum. For the stress equation a finite volume method is used, based on the recent development with fluctuation distribution schemes for pure convection problems. Examples considered include a start-up channel flow, flow past a cylinder and the non-smooth 4:1 contraction flow for an Oldroyd-B fluid. A considerable gain in efficiency per time step can be obtained compared to an alternative pure finite element implementation. A distribution based on the flux terms is unstable for higher Weissenberg numbers, and this is also true for a distribution based on source terms alone. The instability is identified as being caused by the interaction of the balance equations and stress equation. A combination of distribution schemes based on flux and source terms, however, gives a considerable improvement to the hybrid FE/FV implementation. With respect to limiting Weissenberg number attenuation, the hybrid scheme is more stable than the pure finite element alternative for the smooth flow past a cylinder, but less so for the non-smooth contraction flow. The influence of additional strain-rate stabilisation techniques is also analysed and found to be beneficial.


Hybrid finite element/finite volume; stability; flux and source distribution; Oldroyd-B