Virginia Tech Regional Mathematics Contest

- Let
*f*(*x*,*y*) = ln(1 -*x*^{2}-*y*^{2}) - 1/(*y*-*x*)^{2}with domain = {(*x*,*y*) |*x**y*,*x*^{2}+*y*^{2}< 1}. Find the maximum value*M*of*f*(*x*,*y*) over . You have to show that*M**f*(*x*,*y*) for every (*x*,*y*) . Here ln(·) is the natural logarithm function. - The radius of the base of a right circular cone is 1. The
vertex of the cone is
*V*, and*P*is a point on the circumference of the base. The length of*PV*is 6 and the midpoint of*PV*is*M*. A piece of string is attached to*M*and wound tightly twice round the cone finishing at*P*. What is the length of the string? - Find the volume of the region which is common to the interiors of the
three circular cylinders
*y*^{2}+*z*^{2}= 1,*z*^{2}+*x*^{2}= 1 and*x*^{2}+*y*^{2}= 1. - Let
*ABC*be a triangle and let*P*be a point on*AB*. Suppose*BAC*= 70^{o},*APC*= 60^{o},*AC*= and*PB*= 1. Prove that*ABC*is an isosceles triangle. - Let
*a*_{n}be sequence of positive numbers (*n*= 1, 2,...,*a*_{n}0 for all*n*), and let*b*_{n}= (*a*_{1}+ ... +*a*_{n})/*n*, the average of the first*n*numbers of the sequence. Suppose S^{}_{n = 1}1/*a*_{n}is a convergent series. Prove that S_{n = 1}^{}1/*b*_{n}is also a convergent series. - Ten cats are sitting on ten fence posts, numbered 1 through 10 in clockwise order and encircling a pumpkin patch. The cat on post #1 is white and the other nine cats are black. At 9:45p.m. the cats begin a strange sort of dance. They jump from post to post according to the following two rules, applied in alternation at one second intervals. Rule 1: each cat jumps clockwise to the next post. Rule 2: all pairs of cats whose post numbers have a product that is 1 greater than a multiple of 11 exchange places. At 10p.m., just as the Great Pumpkin rises out of the pumpkin patch, the dance stops abruptly and the cats look on in awe. If the first jump takes place according to Rule 1 at 9:45:01, and the last jump occurs at 10:00:00, on which post is the white cat sitting when the dance stops? (The first few jumps take the white cat from post 1 to posts 2,6,7, ...)