20th Annual
Virginia Tech Regional Mathematics Contest
From 8:30a.m. to 11:00a.m., October 31, 1998

Fill out the individual registration form

1. Let f (x, y) = ln(1 - x2 - y2) - 1/(y - x)2 with domain = {(x, y) | xyx2 + y2 < 1}. Find the maximum value M of f (x, y) over . You have to show that Mf (x, y) for every (x, y) . Here ln(·) is the natural logarithm function.

2. The radius of the base of a right circular cone is 1. The vertex of the cone is V, and P is a point on the circumference of the base. The length of PV is 6 and the midpoint of PV is M. A piece of string is attached to M and wound tightly twice round the cone finishing at P. What is the length of the string?

3. Find the volume of the region which is common to the interiors of the three circular cylinders y2 + z2 = 1, z2 + x2 = 1 and x2 + y2 = 1.

4. Let ABC be a triangle and let P be a point on AB. Suppose BAC = 70o, APC = 60o, AC = and PB = 1. Prove that ABC is an isosceles triangle.

5. Let an be sequence of positive numbers ( n = 1, 2,..., an 0 for all n), and let bn = (a1 + ... + an)/n, the average of the first n numbers of the sequence. Suppose Sn = 11/an is a convergent series. Prove that Sn = 11/bn is also a convergent series.

6. Ten cats are sitting on ten fence posts, numbered 1 through 10 in clockwise order and encircling a pumpkin patch. The cat on post #1 is white and the other nine cats are black. At 9:45p.m. the cats begin a strange sort of dance. They jump from post to post according to the following two rules, applied in alternation at one second intervals. Rule 1: each cat jumps clockwise to the next post. Rule 2: all pairs of cats whose post numbers have a product that is 1 greater than a multiple of 11 exchange places. At 10p.m., just as the Great Pumpkin rises out of the pumpkin patch, the dance stops abruptly and the cats look on in awe. If the first jump takes place according to Rule 1 at 9:45:01, and the last jump occurs at 10:00:00, on which post is the white cat sitting when the dance stops? (The first few jumps take the white cat from post 1 to posts 2,6,7, ...)

Peter Linnell
2000-09-08