- A walker and a jogger travel along the same straight line in the same
direction. The walker walks at one meter per second, while the jogger
runs at two meters per second. The jogger starts one meter in front
of the walker. A dog starts with the walker, and then runs back and
forth between the walker and the jogger with constant speed of
three meters per second.
Let
*f*(*n*) meters denote the total distance travelled by the dog when it has returned to the walker for the*n*th time (so*f*(0) = 0). Find a formula for*f*(*n*). - Given that 40! =

*abc**def*283 247 897 734 345 611 269 596 115 894 272*pqr**stu**vwx*

find*p*,*q*,*r*,*s*,*t*,*u*,*v*,*w*,*x*, and then find*a*,*b*,*c*,*d*,*e*,*f*. - Define
*f*(*x*) = ∫_{0}^{x}∫_{0}^{x}*e*^{u2v2}*dudv*. Calculate 2*f''*(2) +*f'*(2) (here*f'*(*x*) =*df*/*dx*). - Two circles
α,β touch externally at the point
*X*. Let*A*,*P*be two distinct points on α different from*X*, and let*AX*and*PX*meet β again in the points*B*and*Q*respectively. Prove that*AP*is parallel to*QB*.

- Let
**C**denote the complex numbers and let M_{3}(**C**) denote the 3 by 3 matrices with entries in**C**. Suppose*A*,*B*∈M_{3}(**C**),*B*≠ 0, and*AB*= 0 (where 0 denotes the 3 by 3 matrix with all entries zero). Prove that there exists 0≠*D*∈M_{3}(**C**) such that*AD*=*DA*= 0. - Let
*n*be a nonzero integer. Prove that*n*^{4}-7*n*^{2}+ 1 can never be a perfect square (i.e. of the form*m*^{2}for some integer*m*). - Does there exist a twice differentiable function
*f*:**R**->**R**such that*f'*(*x*) =*f*(*x*+ 1) -*f*(*x*) for all*x*and*f''*(0)≠ 0? Justify your answer. (Here**R**denotes the real numbers and*f'*denotes the derivative of*f*.)

Peter Linnell 2009-11-01