Algebra Prelim, Spring 1990

Answer all questions

  1. (a)
    Let M be a left R-module, and let A and B be Artinian submodules. Show that A + B is an Artinian R-submodule.

    If R is also left Noetherian and M is finitely generated, show that M has a unique maximum Artinian submodule A(M) and that A(M/A(M)) = 0.

  2. Let A be an abelian group with no elements of infinite order. Suppose that every element of prime order is of order 3. Show that the order of every element is a power of 3. (Hint: do finitely generated abelian groups first.)

  3. Let G be a simple group of order 144.
    Prove that a group of order 18 has exactly one Sylow 3-subgroup.

    If H is a proper subgroup of G, show that | H|≤26.

    If P and Q are distinct Sylow 3-subgroups of G, show that | PQ| = 1. (If | PQ| > 1, consider NG(PQ)).

  4. Prove that a group of order 765 is abelian.

  5. Let f (x) in Q[x] be an irreducible polynomial of degree 5. Suppose a and b are distinct roots and that Q(a) = Q(b). Show that Q(a) is a normal extension of Q.

  6. Let SZ[x1, x2,..., xn]. Prove that there is a smallest principal ideal containing S. If this ideal is generated by α, show that αQ[x1, x2,..., xn] is the smallest principal ideal in Q[x1, x2,..., xn] containing S.

  7. Let V be a vector space over R, and let T : V -> V be a linear transformation. Describe how V can be made into an R[x]-module.

    Now suppose there are v1,..., vn in V such that {Ti(vj) | i = 0, 1,..., j = 1, 2,..., n} span V as a vector space.

    Prove that V is a finitely generated R[x]-module.

    If T is onto, show that V cannot have a summand isomorphic to R[x].

    If T is onto, show that V is finite dimensional.

  8. (a)
    Let A = {ι,(1 2)(3 4)} and V = {ι,(1 2)(3 4),(1 3)(2 4),(1 4)(2 3)} in S4. Show that A is normal in V and V is normal in S4, but A is not normal in S4.

    Give an example of fields FKL such that K a normal extension of F and L a normal extension of K, but L is not a normal extension of F.

Peter Linnell 2012-01-15